George A. Kiraz

Publications

46 Orris Ave, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA

Papers

1. ‘A Proposed Syriac Computer Keyboard Layout.’ In Proceedings of the First Ashurbanibal Library Computer Conference. Chicago, 1989.
2. ‘Computers: Innovation and New Future for Syriac Studies.’ In V Symposium Syriacum 1988, ed. R. Lavenant, Orientalia Christiana Analecta 236. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1990: 451–475.
3. ‘Semitic Morphology: A Linguistic and Computational Account.’ In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Multi-lingual Computing. Durham, 1992.

Kiraz_1992_Semitic Morphology Linguistic Account

4. ‘A New Program for Syriac Word Processing.’ The Patriarchal Journal 31 (1993): 441–50.

Kiraz_1993 _A New Program for Syriac Word Processing_جورج كيراز

5. ‘Speech Synthesis by Diphones.’ Multidisciplinary Research Review 3 (1993): 21–32.
6. (With A. Bolton) ‘The Syriac Hyper-text Project: Report I.’ In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference and Exhibition on Multi-lingual Computing. London, 1994.
7. (With D. Ponsford) ‘Automatic Compilation of Semitic Lexica.’ In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference and Exhibition on Multi-lingual Computing. London, 1994.

Kiraz_1994_Automatic Compilation of Semitic Lexica

8. ‘Automatic Concordance Generation of Syriac Texts.’ In VI Symposium Syriacum 1992, ed. R. Lavenant, Orientalia Christiana Analecta 247. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1994: 461–475.

Kiraz_1994_Automatic_Concordance Generation of Syri

9. ‘Multi-Tape Two-Level Morphology: a Case Study in Semitic Non-linear Morphology.’ In Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics. Kyoto, 1994.

Kiraz_1994_Multi-Tape Two-Level Morphology A Case S

10. ‘The Arabic-Syriac/Syriac-Arabic Dictionary Project: Report II.’ In SyrCOM-95: Proceedings of the First International Forum on Syriac Computing. Washington, D.C., 1995.

Kiraz_1995_Syriac Arabic Dictionary

11. ‘Computational Analyses of Arabic Morphology.’ In The Linguistic Computation of Arabic, eds. Ajit Narayanan and Everhard Ditters. Bristol: Intellect Ltd, 1995.

Kiraz_1995_Computational analyses of Arabic morphol

12. (With T. Bowden) ‘A Morphographemic Model for Error Correction in Nonconcatenative Strings.’ In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics. Cambridge, MA, 1995.

Kiraz_Bowden_1995_A Morphographemic Model for Error Detect

13. ‘Analysis of the Arabic Broken Plural and Diminutive.’ In Proceedings of the 5th International Conference and Exhibition on Multi-lingual Computing. Cambridge, 1996.

Kiraz_1996_Analysis of the Arabic Broken Plural

14. ‘Computing Prosodic Morphology.’ In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics. Copenhagen, 1996.

Kiraz_1996_Computing prosodic morphology

15. (With E. Grimley-Evans and S. Pulman) ‘Compiling a Partition-based Two-level Formalism.’ In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics. Copenhagen, 1996.

Kiraz_GrimleyEvans_Pulman_1996_Compiling a Partition-based Two-level

16. ‘SEMHE: A Generalised Two-Level System.’ In Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics. Santa Cruze, CA, 1996.

Kiraz_1996_SEMHE_A Generalised Two-Level System

20. ‘Project Meltho: Syriac Wordprocessing under Windows, Report I.’ In SyrCOM-96: Proceedings of the Second International Forum on Syriac Computing. Uppsala, Sweden 1996.

Kiraz_1996_Project Meltho

21. ‘Syriac Computing: A Bibliography, 1975–1995.’ In SyrCOM-96: Proceedings of the Second International Forum on Syriac Computing. Uppsala, Sweden 1996.

Kiraz_1996_Syriac Computing Bibliography

22. ‘Comparative Edition of the Syriac Gospels: Final Report and Announcement of Publication.’ TC: A Journal of Biblical Textual Criticism 1 (1996).

Kiraz_1996_Comparative Edition of the Syriac Gospel

23. ‘Syriac Morphology: From a Linguistic Model to a Computational Implementation.’ In VII Symposium Syriacum 1996, ed. R. Lavenant, Orientalia Christiana Analecta 256. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1996: 553–74.

Kiraz_1996_Syriac Morphology

24. ‘ܒܝܬ ܓܙܐ ܐܠܩܛܪܘܢܝܐ / ترقيم البيث كاز: تسجيل الكتروني بواسطة الكمبيوتر’ [‘Digitization of the Beth Gazo’]. The Patriarchal Journal 35, no. 167-169 (1997): 544

Kiraz_1997__Digitization of the Beth Gazoجورج كيراز

25.‘Linearization of Nonlinear Lexical Representations.’ In Proceedings of the Workshop on Computational Phonology. Madrid, 1997.

Kiraz_1997_Linearization of Nonlinear Lexical Repre

26.‘Compiling Regular Formalisms with Rule Features into Finite-State Automata.’ In Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics. Madrid, 1997.

Kiraz_1997_Compiling Regular Formalisms with Rule F

27.‘Arabic Computational Morphology in the West.’ In Proceedings of the 6th Iternational Conference and Exhibition on Multi-lingual Computing. Cambridge, 1998.

Kiraz_1998_Arabic Computational Morphology

28. (With P. Nelson) ‘Project Meltho: Syriac Language Kit for Windows Platforms, Report II.’ In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference and Exhibition on Multi-lingual Computing. Cambridge, 1998.
29. (With E. Grimley-Evans) ‘Multi-tape Automata for Speech and Language Systems: A Prolog Implementation.’ In Automata Implementation, eds. D. Wood and S. Yu, 1436. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin: Springer, 1998.

Kiraz_Grimley Evans_1998_Multi-tape Automata for Speech

30. (With B. Möbius) ‘Multilingual Syllabification Using Weighted Finite-State Transducers.’ In Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Speech Synthesis. Jenolan Caves, Australia, 1998.

Kiraz_Möbius_1998_Multilingual Syllabification Using Weigh

31. (With Sargon Hasso and Paul Nelson) ‘Encoding Syriac in ISO/IEC 10646.’ In SyrCOM-99: Proceedings of the Third International Forum on Syriac Computing. Notre Dame, Indiana, 1999.

Kiraz_1999_Encoding Syriac in ISO

32. (With Gregorios Y. Ibrahim) ‘Ephrem’s Madroshe and the Syrian Orthodox Beth Gazo, a Loose, But Fascinating, Affinity.’ Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 2, no. 1 (1999): 47–56.
33.‘Compressed Storage of Sparse Finite-State Transducers.’ In Automata Implementation, eds. D. Wood and S. Yu, 1436. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin: Springer, 2000.

Kiraz_2000_Compressed Storage of Sparse Finite-Stat

34. ܪܘܟܟܐ ܘܩܘܫܝܐ ܒܟܪ̈ܝܬܐ.’ [Rūkkāḵā and qūššāyā in Summary] Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies 14, no. 1 (2000): 47–73.

Kiraz_2000_ܪܘܟܟܐ ܘܩܘܫܝܐ ܒܟܪ̈ܝܬܐ

35.‘Multi-Tiered Nonlinear Morphology Using Multi-Tape Finite Automata: A Case Study on Syriac and Arabic.’ Computational Linguistics 26, no. 1 (2000): 77–105.

Kiraz_2000_Multi-Tiered Nonlinear Morphology Using

36. (With B. Möbius) ‘Word models and Syllabification in Multilingual TTS.’ In Progress in Speech Synthesis II, A. Breen, W. Campbell, J. van Santen, and J. Vonwiller. Berlin: Springer, 2000.

Kiraz_Möbius_2000_Word models and Syllabification

37. ‘Project Meltho – Syriac Fonts for the Microsoft Windows 2000™ Operating System.’ Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 3, no. 1 (2000): 127–129.

Kiraz_2000_Project_Meltho Syriac Fonts

38. ‘eBethArké: The Syriac Digital Library: First Report.’ Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 4, no. 2 (2001): 269–271.

Kiraz_2001_eBethArke_The Syriac Digital Library

39. ‘The Credentials of Mar Julius Alvares, bishop of Ceylon, Goa and India Excluding Malabar.’ Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 7, no.2 (2004): 157–168.

Kiraz_2004_Credentials of Mar Julius Alvares

40. (With Bhuvana Narasimhan and Richard Sproat) ‘Schwa-Deletion in Hindi Text-to-Speech Synthesis.’ International Journal of Speech Technology 7 (2004): 319–333.

Kiraz_Narasimhan_Sproat_2004_Schwa-Deletion in Hindi Text-to-Speech

41. ‘A Proclamation Out of Place, “Stomen Kalos, Kyrie-Eleison” and the Nicene Creed.’ In Ktheeboth hago: Festschrift in Honour of His Holiness Ignatius Zakka I Iwas, Roy Thomas, 417–31. Chicago: St. George Syrian Orthodox Church of Malankarra, 2005.

Kiraz_2005_A Proclamation Out of Place

42. ‘Computing the Syriac Lexicon: Historical Notes and Considerations for a Future Implementation.’ In Perspectives in Syriac Linguistics I: Colloquia of the International Syriac Language Project, eds. Dean Forbes and G.K. Taylor, 93–104. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2005.

Kiraz_2005_Computing the Syriac Lexicon Historical

43. (With Nizar Habash and Owen Rambow) ‘Morphological analysis and generation for Arabic dialects.’ In Proceedings of the ACL Workshop on Computational Approaches to Semitic Languages. Ann Arbor, 2005.

Kiraz_Habash_Rambow Morphological Analysis and Generation

44. ‘“He Whom the Seraphic Angles Are Afraid to Gaze at”: A Syriac Eucharistic Hymn Shared by the East and West Traditions.’ Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies 20, no. 2 (2006): 18–24.

Kiraz_2006_He Whom the Seraphic Angels

45. ‘Kthobonoyo Syriac: Some Observations and Remarks.’ Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 10, no. 2 (2007): 29–142.

Kiraz_2007_Kthobonoyo Syriac Some Observations

46. ‘Forty Years of Syriac Computing.’ Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 10, no. 1 (2007): 37–60.

Kiraz_2007_Forty Years of Syriac Computing

47. ‘First Syriac New Testament.’ Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies 21, no. 2 (2007), 57–61.
48. ‘Piety and Wit: Anecdotes from the Syriac Heritage.’ In Angel of Peace: Platinum Jubilee Souvenir of the Anniversary of St. Ignatius Elias III, Julius Kuriakose. Kerala: Mor Ignatius Dayara Committee, 2007.
49. ‘Bio Bibliographies of Some Twentieth Century Syriac Writers.’ In Malphono w-Rabo d-Malphone, Studies in Honour of Sebastian P. Brock, George A. Kiraz, 339–64. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2008.

Kiraz_2008_Bio Bibliographies of Some Twentieth Cen

50. ‘Lexica and Grammars in the Late Syriac Tradition, The Three Bishops: Oddo, Manna, and David.’ In Foundations for Syriac Lexicography II: Colloquia of the International Syriac Language Project, P. J. Williams, 155–163. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2009.

Kiraz_2009_Lexica and Grammars in the Late Syriac

51. ‘Tabetha Kthobonoyo Syriac: Child Language Acquisition of Kthobonoyo Syriac in a Multi-Lingual Environment.’ In From Ugarit to Nabataea, Studies in Honor of John F. Healey, G. A. Kiraz and Zeyad Al-Salameen, 141–52. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2012.

Kiraz_2012_Tabetha Kthobonoyo Syriac Child Language

52. ‘Old Syriac Graphotactics.’ Journal of Semitic Studies 57, no. 2 (2012): 231–64.

Kiraz_2012_Old Syriac Graphotactics

53. ‘Challenges in Syriac Text Editions using the DOS-based Word Processor Multi-Lingual Scholar.’ In The Letter before the Spirit. The Importance of Text Editions for the Study of the Reception of Aristotle, A. M. I. van Oppenraay. Aristoteles Semitico-Latinus. Leiden: Brill, 2012.

Kiraz_2012_Challenges in Syriac Text Editions Using

54. ‘Did You Know…The Names of Early Parishes in the United States Have Interesting Origins.’ Voice of the Archdiocese (2012).
55. ‘Canons Prepared by Afram Barsoum in 1927 and Other Legal Documents.’ In Orientalia Christiana: Festschrift für Hubert Kaufhold zum 70 Geburtstag, Peter Bruns und Heinz Otto Luthe, 225–57. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2013. [first erronious printing, pp. 203–14, missing the appendix].

Kiraz_2013_Canons Prepared by Afram Barsoum

56. ‘Textual Sources and Editorial Policies of the Antioch Bible in Samir Khalil Samir, SJ and Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Græco-latina et orientalia. Studia in honorem Angeli Urbani Sexagenarii (Beirut: CEDRAC–CNERU, 2013), 181–88.

Kiraz_2013_Textual Sources and Editorial Policies

57. (With Ray Fabri, Michael Gasser, Nizar Habash, and Shuly Wintner) ‘Linguistic Introduction: The Orthography, Morphology and Syntax of Semitic Languages.’ In Natural Language Processing Approaches for Semitic Languages, Imed Zitouni, 3–41. Berlin: Springer, 2014.

Kiraz_Fabri_ Habash_2014_Linguistic IntroductionThe Ortho

58. ‘Garshunography: Terminology and Some Formal Properties of Writing One Language in the Script of Another.’ In Scripts beyond Borders. A Survey of Allographic Traditions in the Euro-Mediterranean World, J. den Heijer, A. Schmidt, and T. Pataridze. Louvain: Peeters, 2014.

Kiraz_2014_Garshunography

59. ‘Globalizing Syriac Studies.’ Hekamtho: Syrian Orthodox Theological Journal 1, no. 1(July 2015) 40–50.

Kiraz_2015_Globalizing Syriac Studies

60. ‘Automatic Splitting of Lexical Entries from Classical Dictionaries.’ Pacific Journal 10 (2015) 42–50.

Kiraz_2015_Automatic Splitting

61. (With Christina M. Weaver) ‘Turoyo Neo-Aramaic in northern New Jersey.’ International Journal of the Sociology of Language 237 (2016): 19–36.

Kiraz_Weaver_2015_Turoyo Neo-Aramaic in Northern NJ

62. ‘Towards a Lexicon of Syriac Loanwords in Christian Arabic.’ In Between the Cross and the Crescent: Studies in Honor of Samir Khalil Samir, S.J. on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, ed. Željko Paša, 383–393. OCA 304. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 2018.

Kiraz_2018_Towards a Lexicon of Syriac Loanwords in Christian Arabic

63. ‘A Young Syriac Pupil in the Cairo Genizah: Or.1081 2.75.30.’ Fragment of the Month: Newsletter of the Cambridge University Library Genizah Unit. August 2018.

https://www.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/departments/taylor-schechter-genizah-research-unit/fragment-month/fotm-2018/fragment-6.

64. ‘Dots in the Writing Systems of the Middle East.’ In Studying the Near and Middle East at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton 1935–2018, Sabine Schmidtke, 265–275. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2018.

Kiraz_2018_Dots in the Writing Systems of the Middle East

65. ‘A Functional Approach to Garshunography: A Case Study of Syro-X and X-Syriac Writing Systems.’ Intellectual History of the Islamicate World 7, no. 2-3 (2019): 264–277.

Kiraz_ 2019_ A Functional Approach to Garshunography

66. ‘Negotiating Identity with the Homeland: The “Syriac Orthodox” of North America in the Early Twentieth Century.’ In From Polarization to Cohabitation in the New Middle East, ed. Catalin-Stefan Popa and Adrian Mladinoiu (eds.), 77–93. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2020. 
 
67. ‘Learning Syriac and Garshuni in Early Modern Egypt: Evidence from the Cairo Genizah.’ Intellectual History of the Islamicate World 8 (2020): 1-26.

Kiraz_2020_Learning Syriac and Garshuni in Early Modern Egypt

68. ‘Syrian Orthodox and Syrian Catholics.’ In Christianity in the Middle East: Historical Sketches and Contemporary Practices, eds. Mitri Raheb, Meredith Riedel, and Mark A. Lamport, 244–253. London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing, 2020.
69. ‘Syrian Orthodox and Syrian Catholics.’ In A Handbook and Reader of Ottoman Arabic, ed. Esther-Miriam Wagner, 399–414. Cambridge: University of Cambridge & OpenBook Publishers, 2021.

Kiraz_2021_A-Disgrunted-Bishop-A-Garshuni-Letter

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‘A Reconstruction of the Lexicon of Bar Saru.’ In Beth Qaṭraye: A Lexical and Toponymical Survey, eds. Mario Kozah et al. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2020. [In Press].
‘Seeing Suryānī Authors of the Abbasid Period as Moslems Saw Them: a Non-Reading Approach.’ In Christian Layers in the History of the Middle East, John-Paul Ghobrial, Christian Sahner, Jack Tannous. [place holder volume title; Submitted].
Towards a Syriac Semantic Web from the Perspective of 2020 [forthcoming]